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Recombinant Human Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform protein (NRG1), Partial (Active) | CSB-AP002921HU

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CSB-AP002921HU
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  • Recombinant Human Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform protein (NRG1) ,Partial (Active)
  • Recombinant Human Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform protein (NRG1), Partial (Active) | CSB-AP002921HU
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Description

Recombinant Human Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform protein (NRG1) ,Partial (Active) | CSB-AP002921HU | Cusabio

Protein Description: Partial

Alternative Name (s) : Pro-NRG1, ARIA, Breast cancer cell differentiation factor p45, Glial growth factor, Heregulin

Gene Names: NRG1,GGF,HGL,HRGA,NDF,SMDF

Research Areas: Neuroscience

Species: Homo sapiens (Human)

Source: E.Coli

Tag Info: Tag-Free

Expression Region: 177-241aa

Sequence Info: SHLVKCAEKE KTFCVNGGEC FMVKDLSNPS RYLCKCQPGF TGARCTENVP MKVQNQEKAE ELYQK

Biological Activity: Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by a cell proliferation assay using serum free human MCF-7 cells is less than 40 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of > 2.5 × 104 IU/mg.

MW: 7.4 kDa

Purity: >97% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.

Endotoxin: Less than 1.0 EU/µg as determined by LAL method.

Relevance: Direct ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. The multiple isoforms perform diverse functions such as inducing growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells; inducing expression of acetylcholine receptor in synaptic vesicles during the formation of the neuromuscular junction; stimulating lobuloalveolar budding and milk production in the mammary gland and inducing differentiation of mammary tumor cells; stimulating Schwann cell proliferation; implication in the development of the myocardium such as trabeculation of the developing heart. Isoform 10 may play a role in motor and sensory neuron development. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1348215, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7902537}.

PubMed ID: 1350381; 7509448; 8096067; 7782315; 14702039; 16421571; 9333014; 12145742; 17565985; 15489334; 7689552; 1348215; 7902537; 10523851; 10597312; 10867024; 8062828; 8639490

Notes: Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4℃ for up to one week.

Function: Direct ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. The multiple isoforms perform diverse functions such as inducing growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells; inducing expression of acetylcholine receptor in synaptic vesicles during the formation of the neuromuscular junction; stimulating lobuloalveolar budding and milk production in the mammary gland and inducing differentiation of mammary tumor cells; stimulating Schwann cell proliferation; implication in the development of the myocardium such as trabeculation of the developing heart. Isoform 10 may play a role in motor and sensory neuron development. Binds to ERBB4

Involvement in disease: A chromosomal aberration involving NRG1 produces gamma-heregulin. Translocation t (8;11) with TENM4. The translocation fuses the 5'-end of TENM4 to NRG1 (isoform 8) . The product of this translocation was first thought to be an alternatively spliced isoform. Gamma-heregulin is a soluble activating ligand for the ERBB2-ERBB3 receptor complex and acts as an autocrine growth factor in a specific breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-175) . Not detected in breast carcinoma samples, including ductal, lobular, medullary, and mucinous histological types, neither in other breast cancer cell lines.

Subcellular Location: Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform: Cell membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, Note=Does not seem to be active, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Neuregulin-1: Secreted, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 8: Nucleus, Note=May be nuclear, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 9: Secreted, Note=Has a signal peptide, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 10: Membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein

Protein Families: Neuregulin family

Tissue Specificity: Type I isoforms are the predominant forms expressed in the endocardium. Isoform alpha is expressed in breast, ovary, testis, prostate, heart, skeletal muscle, lung, placenta liver, kidney, salivary gland, small intestine and brain, but not in uterus, stomach, pancreas, and spleen. Isoform 3 is the predominant form in mesenchymal cells and in non-neuronal organs, whereas isoform 6 is the major neuronal form. Isoform 8 is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Isoform 9 is the major form in skeletal muscle cells; in the nervous system it is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Also detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, kidney, and pancreas. Isoform 10 is expressed in nervous system: spinal cord motor neurons, dorsal root ganglion neurons, and brain. Predominant isoform expressed in sensory and motor neurons. Not detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas. Not expressed in fetal lung, liver and kidney. Type IV isoforms are brain-specific.

Paythway: ErbBsignalingpathway

Form: Lyophilized powder

Buffer: Lyophilized from a 0.2 m filtered 20 mM PB, pH 6.0, 150 mM NaCl

Reconstitution: We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.

Uniprot ID: Q02297

Uniprot Entry Name: NRG1_HUMAN

HGNC Database Link: HGNC

UniGene Database Link: UniGene

KEGG Database Link: KEGG

STRING Database Link: STRING

OMIM Database Link: OMIM

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